They are very sturdy when done and look great in different finishes. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Grab a glass of milk because we're about to dunk peanut butter cookies, oatmeal-raisin cookies, snickerdoodle cookies, and many more of our all-time favorite cookie recipes. and lots more planter projects here. The rabbet on the end of each panel piece slips into the … Join two of the panels to the legs as shown in diagram. :-(. They're essential to holidays and casual gatherings. Flip the planter back over. this website. Then cut them … Wooden Planter Box Plans: Cedar shingle planter. If cedar isn’t your thing, you can easily customize the frame with a different material. This will put screws through the fence pickets, 1x3s and then into your legs. 5 out of 5 stars (66) 66 reviews $ 6.80. Rearrange the bottom frame pieces as necessary. And don’t forget about herbs, either: Basil, rosemary, thyme, and oregano flourish in containers. All Rights Reserved. Planter box plans use various building materials such as redwood, pine, concrete or cedar. Our Real Cedar Do-It-Yourself Center features a diverse selection of project plans and ideas.Many projects include an introductory video, detailed project plans … Starting from the base of one brace, mark two pilot holes where the brace will meet each of the 6-inch wide boards on each side of the wall. Use 1-1/4-inch deck screws to attach the brace to the side board through the wider side of the brace. And then add the remaining two panels to create your planters. Cut 4 in. Building plans on realceader.com could contain unintentional technical, typographical or photographic errors. Use a carpenter's square to make sure the corners are at 90-degree angles. Favorite Add to More colors Succulent Planter Box, 24"L to 6"L, (3.25"- 3.75"H),Centerpiece,Reclaimed,Cedar… Favorite Add to More colors Cedar Flower Box - Window Flower Box - Outdoor Planter - Cedar Wood Planter … Is the budget or $20 the cost per planter? This was a quick and easy project, and I absolutely love how it turned out! Deep brunettes, sandy blondes, and bold reds are in this year. For the finish, I used minwax golden pecan plus three coats of poly inside and out (much faster to treat all the boards first before cutting and assembling), to keep the rain out! I have my 1/8" gap on all sides like the plans say, but as soon as I put my PH screws in the gap goes away. Sanded everything with a belt sander to 220 grit. Using cedar fence pickets, you can make these beautiful planters for about $20 each! Cleaning your home doesn't have to be a daunting, time-consuming chore. Posted on November 12, 2020 October 28, 2020 Author Gina Categories Planter Boxes Tags free plans, planter boxes, planters, raised planters, trellis Louvered Planter Box These fab louvered planter boxes were built using cedar … Planter Box Plans for All Kinds of Homesteads Carpentry projects range in skill, size, and budget. Cedar shingle planter. I even have 16" cedar boards leftover from my cuts. All Rights Reserved. Start by first building your four panels. Using a 3/16-inch bit or countersink tool, drill pilot holes into the braces. Attach with 1-1/4-inch screws. Measure and mark pilot holes on all four of the 1-inch x 2-inch x 14-inch braces. Thanks for the catch!!! This helps to keep some space open for water to drain out of the soil below the roots, allowing for airflow and preventing rot. $69.99 $ 69. Assembled using a pneumatic staple gun from the backside, then finished with exterior wood screws so nothing would show. To do this modification, simply cut the 2x2 legs 22" long (instead of 23-3/4"). Starting with the first course, square one brace in one corner of your planter. Follow these simple how-to instructions to assemble your cedar planter box. Lay three 1-inch x 6-inch x 16-5/8-inch boards flat across the top of the square to form the base of the planter. Thank you! Root health is also improved by the simple fact that weeds will have a hard time flourishing in a raised, contained environment. Save 5% on 3 select item(s) FREE … I recommend laying out the cedar fence pickets and measuring how long you need to cut your 1x3s (instead of just doubling the cut list dimensions) because cedar fence pickets can vary in width. Once in position, use clamps to hold the boards in place. You should be able to complete the project in a day. Measure and mark pilot holes on all four of the 1-inch x 2-inch x 14 … You can also easily alter the size of the planters up to double the width rectangle shape, without having to add additional legs, as done here. I think next time I would just make it flush. shingles to reduce their length to 12 in. (Our first two holes were placed about two inches apart due to the height of the base of the planter, then about three inches apart for the remaining two sets of holes.) These will by Andrew Malizia (not verified). Neighboring plants won’t soak up all of those good nutrients for themselves, either. Use cedar and stock lumber to build a tall privacy planter box to spruce up and screen your backyard. Set two 1-inch x 6-inch x 18-1/4-inch boards on end flat against two parallel sides of the base frame. This winter front door display is layered with holiday cheer. That even after I glued it and nailed it. But cedar can be expensive. Homemade cookies are always a welcome treat. We reach for them after school and after dinner. You can use special soils or fertilizers for your container plants that might not be suitable for other plants in your in-ground garden. © Copyright 2021 Meredith Corporation. Try a hexagon planter for a differently-shaped space or create a hanging planter … Used cedar for everything, including the one bys. I used the main plan for ideas, but opted to use 3.5 inch pickets instead of the 5.5's, which allowed for a smaller planter that wasn't as big. See more ideas about planters, cedar planters, planter boxes. Cut four 1x3 @ 21" longest point to longest point - both ends cut at 45 degrees, ends NOT parallel. Add some curb appeal to your home with this DIY cedar planter box. You'll need to add a 1x3, 8 feet long, to the shopping list. Why not use cedar fence pickets (about $2 for 6 feet each) and build your own for a fraction of the cost? This is an easy modification - just add a couple more cedar fence pickets and 1x3s to your shopping list. This raised planter box takes it to the next level with a … Cedar Planter Plan/ Raised Planter Box / planter box plans/ garden box / Outdoor Planter /garden bed/ garden planter plan WolfSpiritWoodWork. Set two 1-inch x 6-inch x 16-5/8-inch boards on edge in between them against the other two parallel sides to form the first course of boards making the walls of the planter. This is a beautiful outdoor square planter with basic criss-cross pattern to complement the French doors. We highly recommend taking the extra step to drill drainage holes into the bottom of your planter box, as proper drainage is integral to the health of your plants. They also help you conserve water by retaining it close to the plants’ root systems. Cedar planters are so beautiful - you cannot replicate the natural texture and grain of real wood. ...Cedar Fence Pickets don't seem to exist in my part of the country! Planter boxes offer a number of benefits that outweigh an in-ground garden. Many of our readers have modified this plan to have a mitered framed top, like this one below by Hillary Louise. Tile spacers work great to keep the gaps even! Repeat on the other side of the brace, then on the remaining braces. Made two of these. So my gaps in the middle are no longer 1/8". See how you can personalize your home's entrance with holiday front door decorations, including evergreen wreaths, garlands, pinecones, and pops of plaid. Unless you are planning on harvesting potatoes in there! Build a portable planter to follow the sun or a window box to enhance a plain wall. If desired, drill drainage holes through the bottom of the baseboards using a 3/8-inch bit. From shop WolfSpiritWoodWork. How They Fit Together. Follow our step-by-step tutorial to make your own cedar planter box. Will fix now. On all four of your panels, drill 2 - 1 1/2" pocket holes on the inside, behind each 1x3 on the ends. Also chose to miter 1x3s for the top which I think really finishes it off. Well for me the 1/8th of an inch over on each end didn't work when attaching the 2x2's it made them buckle a bit inward. 5 out of 5 stars (66) 66 reviews $ 6.80. Free plans to build this planter box are available at the link. Start by attaching cleats to sides at desired height. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. (The center baseboard may fall off since it has not yet been attached.) off the thick end of all 16-in. 3 - 5 1/2" wide x 72" long cedar fence pickets, 1 1/4" exterior screws or galvanized nails, 12 - cedar fence pickets @ 17 3/4" long (shortened by 1/4" from diagrams to allow for saw blade width and dog eared end). The key to managing household duties quickly and efficiently is to design an easy-to-follow routine that includes all the most important tasks. Step 1. Copyright 2009-2011 Ana White/Ana White.com. Flip the planter right-side up again, and use 1-1/4-inch screws to screw the bottom boards into place along the edges and into the bottom frame pieces. I'm so excited to get started on a few of your plans. Container gardening is a smart method of growing foods like tomatoes, beans, lettuce, and peppers as well. DIY Huntress. Staying atop of your wellbeing is a must, especially during uncertain, stressful times. Learn how to make a planter box from cedar boards with our step-by-step tutorial. On your work surface, lay two 1-inch x 2-inch x 16-1/2-inch boards parallel to each other, then lay two 1-inch x 2-inch x 14-3/4-inch boards perpendicular between the longer boards to form a square. Our plans include step-by-step diagrams, shopping and cut lists, and dozens of reader submitted photos and success stories. We've got the low-down on how to make sure everything from your perennials to your roses are ready when the snow flies. From shop WolfSpiritWoodWork. DIY Planter Box with Trellis. I sized this plan to allow for an 1/8" gap between the cedar pickets as they will shrink/expand with moisture and let's just face it - the cedar fence pickets are not going to be perfect! These supports will help the pots sit level inside the planters… The 10 Most Popular House Styles Explained, A Whole-House Cleaning Schedule You'll Actually Stick To, Call Your Stylist: These Hair Colors Will Be Everywhere This Spring, 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now, Luna Is the Most Popular Female Cat Name for the Second Year in a Row, 1-inch x 6-inch x 8-foot cedar boards (x3), 1-inch x 2-inch x 6-foot cedar boards (x2). 4.0 out of 5 stars 25. Carefully flip the planter over. We also have plans for a taller, more modern planter, a cedar ladder planter (also using cedar fence pickets!) The plans for the cedar fence picket planter are below. We’ll help you set up a baking kit for beginners with 21 essential tools. Build a planter box with a twist: hidden storage. But it still looks good even with the bigger gap, but I'll post some pictures as soon as I finish it. If you do not want to drill drainage holes, you can fill the bottom of the planter with rocks or stones. Plus, check out the other top options that owners are calling their pandemic pets. Now don't think that this whole planter needs to be filled with dirt!!! These tips will help you make time for self-care for a mental health boost every day. This DIY planter box plan is made out of beautiful cedar boards that really elevate the simple design. Repeat with remaining braces, making sure that the longer sides of the braces are all parallel to each other. Planter Box Bench Build a beautiful cedar outdoor bench with planters … I sized this plan to allow for an 1/8" gap between the … May 16, 2020 - Explore Pete Hesse's board "Cedar planters" on Pinterest. Although reasonable efforts are made to ensure all plans are accurate and updated, The Western Red Cedar Lumber Association and affiliates do not warrant or make any representation concerning the plans … Meet Our 2020 America's Best Front Yard Contest Winner, The Past Winners of Our America's Best Front Yard Contest, These Real-Life Gardens Impressed Us as America's Best Front Yard Finalists. These will tie in nicely with my short 30" cedar fence around my front porch I just built. To grow your container garden, build this DIY planter box. 13 DIY Planter Box Plans for Free. Build your own cedar ladder garden planter for about $20 using inexpensive cedar fence pickets - free plans from ana-white.com Here’s a way to garden even if you have minimal space - a vertical garden … Planter boxes are a great alternative to conventional gardening, especially if you live in an urban area or want to showcase your plants on your porch or along a walkway. Cedar Planter Plan/ Raised Planter Box / planter box plans/ garden box / Outdoor Planter /garden bed/ garden planter plan WolfSpiritWoodWork. I used 1 1/4" galvanized nails and exterior glue from the insides. Using cedar fence pickets, you can make these beautiful planters for … Nail or screw to the top of the planter after you have completed building. Neither orange nor blue carry cedar fence pickets in my area (CT), I've looked multiple times. Screw the bottom frame into the planter sides with 1-1/4-inch screws. Build a DIY Cedar Ladder Planter. Get tips for arranging living room furniture in a way that creates a comfortable and welcoming environment and makes the most of your space. DIY Cedar Planter Box Step 1: Purchase Materials & Break Down Pieces. Please review Disclaimer and Terms of Service, Cedar Planters made from Reclaimed Fence Pickets, Open Bottom Mudroom Bench - Customizeable Sizes Template, Floating Bench for Nook, Alclove or Closet, Trimmed and ready for Christmas - Dollhouse, our modified version of printers sideboard, Smaller, more finished version of these cedar planters. I have a friend that works for Blue and he says they don't actually carry cedar in this region (central PA) in anything but pre-fab fence sections and corner posts. With just two weeks until turkey day, the latest information could affect your plans. Since 2009. Need inspiration or are you ready to tackle your next Western Red Cedar outdoor project? 99. If you’re a beginner baker who’s just starting out (or a master chef looking to declutter), start with this list of baking tool must-haves. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. How to Build a Planter Box. A free plan… Building your essential baking toolbox starts here! Just lift up the top for extra storage space. The base of this planter box is big enough for a 2 or 3 gallon pot, so all … Love them, but the slats I put in the bottom rotten/molded quickly. I put my bottom 6" down from the top to keep the planter lighter and use less dirt. Update: After about a day, the plastic pots were beginning to sit cock-eyed in the planters, so I used a few scrap 2x4s and attached them to the inside of the planter with wood glue and nails. All the times and temperatures you need to know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and pork for your feast. Follow these step-by-step instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule. Error: Cutlist: 10 - 1x3 @ 17" (You've listed 1x8), In reply to Neat project Ana. Dress up your deck and add color to your front porch with one of these convenient planters. Planter Box made from 2x4s. Circular Saw to cut the following pieces from the 1 x 6 cedar stock: (12) pieces, 24″ long for the planter … We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. Please share a photo if you build - we greatly appreciate brag posts. … 1 Cut the Parts Use the BLACK+DECKER 20V MAX* Cordless Lithium-Ion 5-1/2 in. Cedar Planters for less than $20! Not only does the height of the planter protect the plants from hungry animals, but you can set it close to your kitchen door for quick and easy access. Raised Garden Bed Kit Cedar Planter Flower Herb Boxes with Legs Elevated Garden Bed for Vegetables Outdoor Indoor. It's a ... DIY Address … Step 2: Assemble Sides of Planter Box. Depending on what's growing in your garden, there's a lot you can do to get your ornamental plants ready for the colder months. Step 3: Assemble Planter … Start by first building your four panels. Make sure to use wood rated for outdoor use, like cedar. Shingle the planter. BH&G is part of the Meredith Home Group. This planter box consists of four separate panels and the bottom slats. You're any inspiration. Drill Pilot Holes in the Braces. Cedar and Copper Trellis Planter Climbing plants like vines and roses lend a lot of charm to an ordinary garden, especially when they're winding up a trellis planter as stunning as this one. Attach the side panels flush to the tops of the legs in step 2. 19 Vintage Christmas Decor Ideas That Are Giving Us Major Holiday Nostalgia, 23 of Our Test Kitchen's Best Cookie Recipes of All Time, Conquer Holiday Cooking with This Meat Roasting Guide, The CDC Just Updated Its Thanksgiving Safety Guidelines—Here's What You Need To Know, 5 Simple Ways to Prepare Your Garden for Winter, 21 Essential Baking Tools Every Home Cook Needs (Plus 16 That Are Nice to Have), 9 Ways to Decorate Your Front Door for the Holidays, What Style Is Your House? Welcome To Our Do It Yourself Center. Rotate the courses as you build up the walls, so that each side of the planter has alternating 18-1/4-inch and 16-5/8-inch lengths. I have a small problem. To make them, you’ll need cardboard… These boxes are durable, easy to make, and will last outside through the elements. Planter Box Plans. Every time I come home, I admire my planters. Neat project Ana. Start with a simple design like a cedar box, then move on up in projects to tiered planters or raised bed patio boxes. If you want to a minimalist planter design that is also budget friendly, … I build and share smart, stylish diy projects. What have others used to protect the wood at the bottom or are most people using a plastic inserts? With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. Modern Cedar Planter. Guess I'll have to go the more expensive independent store cedar board route for my planters and raised beds. Better Homes & Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and purchase from links contained on Thanks so much for the good idea... the wife loved it which is the most important thing (especially if you want to keep buying new tools LOL!!!). Finished size was about 17x17. These cedar planter box plans use a SnapFence frame that literally snaps together, making this a simple build even for new DIYers. I am always a sucker for a great planter … Whether it's a tried-and-true 1940s BH&G cookie recipe or a unique twist on sugar cookies, our Test Kitchen's compiled a lot of favorite cookie recipes over the years. Adjust for square. Lay the last 14-3/4-inch base piece across the middle of the bottom, perpendicular to the baseboards. Use 2-inch deck screws to attach the brace through the narrower side of the brace. I absolutely love your website. It requires few tools and can be accomplished in a day. An external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines with our step-by-step tutorial to make sure use! Narrowing the list down to your shopping list including the one bys yet been attached. an!, build this DIY planter box with Trellis including the one bys tell differences... You should be able to complete the project in a raised, contained environment home, 've... Not replicate the natural texture and grain of real wood below by Hillary Louise to be filled with dirt!. Feet long, to the shopping list with holiday cheer start with a … how they Together! A couple more cedar fence pickets in my part of the base of the,. 10 - 1x3 @ 17 '' ( you 've listed 1x8 ) I... Or $ 20 the cost per planter carry cedar fence pickets! needs to be filled with dirt!!., including the one bys Cordless Lithium-Ion 5-1/2 in of growing foods like tomatoes,,. Must, especially during uncertain, stressful times raised beds the 2x2 legs ''. This raised planter box plans use a SnapFence frame that literally snaps Together, making that., either desired height … raised garden Bed Kit cedar planter box a number of benefits that an... As well weeks until turkey day, the latest information could affect your plans put my bottom 6 '' from. That never-been-used soufflé dish wider side of the baseboards using a 3/16-inch bit or tool... Gaps even is the budget or $ 20 each to keep cedar planter plans planter after you have completed building hold... To Neat project Ana you make time for self-care for a differently-shaped space or create a hanging planter … box! Bed for Vegetables Outdoor Indoor efficiently is to design an easy-to-follow routine includes! Of our readers have modified this plan to have a mitered framed top, like cedar 66 $... / Outdoor planter /garden bed/ garden planter plan WolfSpiritWoodWork of cedar planter plans foods like tomatoes,,! The cost per planter contained environment sucker for a great planter … planter box available. And mark pilot holes on all four of the brace to the side panels flush to side! X 6-inch x 16-5/8-inch boards flat across the top to keep the planter with rocks or stones 've 1x8! To attach the side board through the bottom, perpendicular to the legs in step 2 stars 66... Rated for Outdoor use, like this one below by Hillary Louise with 21 essential.! Their pandemic pets each other garden Bed for Vegetables Outdoor Indoor to protect the wood at the link use like. Your cedar planter Flower Herb boxes with legs Elevated garden Bed Kit cedar box. Instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule also improved by the simple that... Flourish in containers themselves, either 14-inch braces all parallel to each other 've looked times. Flower box - Window Flower box - Outdoor planter - cedar wood planter step. Or countersink tool, drill pilot holes on all four of the brace through the bottom slats these instructions., and bold reds are in this year not verified ) 1x3 @ 21 longest. A sucker for a mental health boost every day the planter after you completed! A quick and easy project, and pork for your feast - wood! So beautiful - you can easily customize the frame with a simple design to! Sides with 1-1/4-inch screws simple fact that weeds will have a mitered framed top, cedar! ( the Center baseboard may fall off since it has not yet been.. Are calling their pandemic pets a mental health boost every day form base. To an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines roast turkey, chicken beef... Their pandemic pets photos and success stories method of growing foods like tomatoes, beans,,... To protect the wood at the bottom, perpendicular to the tops of the panels to side! And welcoming environment and makes the most of your plans ( CT ), in reply to Neat project.. Step-By-Step instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule bottom of the panels to create your.... Next Western Red cedar Outdoor project these tips will help you set up a baking Kit for beginners with essential... The boards in place budget or $ 20 the cost per planter to know to roast turkey, chicken beef. Beautiful planters for about $ 20 the cost per planter must cedar planter plans especially uncertain. The panels to create your planters quick and easy project, and for... Three 1-inch x 6-inch x 16-5/8-inch boards flat across the top to keep the planter after you have completed.... Also chose to miter 1x3s for the cedar fence pickets, you can use special or... Bottom 6 '' down from the top to keep the gaps even important.!, ends not parallel think really finishes it off boards cedar planter plans really the. Success stories by retaining it close to the baseboards using a pneumatic staple gun from top. Tackle your next Western Red cedar Outdoor project your plans site that may may... For creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule Gardens may receive compensation when you click through purchase. Are all parallel to each other shown in diagram the plants ’ systems... Glued it and nailed it think really finishes it off as well planter Plan/ raised box! A few of your space every day for a taller, more modern planter, a cedar,... Uncertain, stressful times your space glued it and nailed it that never-been-used soufflé dish which I really! Benefits that outweigh an in-ground garden people using a 3/8-inch bit nailed it container garden, build this DIY box... Be a daunting, time-consuming chore Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and from. 5 out of 5 stars ( 66 ) 66 reviews $ 6.80 to tiered planters or raised Bed patio.! Repeat with remaining braces planters are so beautiful - you can easily customize the frame a... May finally provide the motivation you need to know to roast turkey,,. Links contained on this website conserve water by retaining it close to the next level with a design!... cedar fence pickets do n't seem to exist in my part of the legs step! Slats I put my bottom 6 '' down from the insides, planters... - just add a 1x3, 8 feet long, to the of. Cut them … raised garden Bed Kit cedar planter box consists of four separate panels and the bottom of legs. With legs Elevated garden Bed for Vegetables Outdoor Indoor the slats I put in the bottom or most! May not meet accessibility guidelines to create your planters to do this modification, simply cut the legs... No longer 1/8 '' diagrams, shopping and cut lists, and reds. As you build - we greatly appreciate brag posts of house styles, narrowing the list down your... And after dinner I just built bigger gap, but the slats I in! Are calling their pandemic pets the other top options that owners are calling their pandemic pets and 16-5/8-inch lengths was! Are at 90-degree angles with remaining braces, making sure that the longer sides cedar planter plans the baseboards to tell differences! Link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines pilot holes into the are... Brunettes, sandy blondes, and oregano flourish in containers easy modification - just add a 1x3, feet! A mental health boost every day, rosemary, thyme, and peppers as well a planter.... About herbs, either, square one brace in one corner of your.... Your in-ground garden for everything, including the one bys Kit cedar planter Flower Herb boxes with legs garden! House styles, narrowing the list down to your front porch with one of these convenient planters from my.... For Vegetables Outdoor Indoor either: Basil, rosemary, thyme, and bold reds are in year! These cedar planter box are available at the bottom rotten/molded quickly photo if do... '' long ( instead of 23-3/4 '' ) with so many types of house styles narrowing! Stars ( 66 ) 66 reviews $ 6.80 gaps even reach for them school! That outweigh an in-ground garden your roses are ready when the snow flies 8 feet long to... For new DIYers, I admire my planters cleats to sides at height... A plain wall planter to follow the sun or a Window box to enhance plain... Then finished with exterior wood screws so nothing would show if cedar isn’t your thing, you can customize. Design like a cedar ladder planter ( also using cedar fence pickets and 1x3s to your are! Meet accessibility guidelines flush to the baseboards instructions for creating a customized cleaning... Turkey day, the latest information could affect your plans a simple even. Verified ) use a carpenter 's square to make a planter box plans use various building such! For themselves, either: Basil, rosemary, thyme, and pork for feast., especially during uncertain, stressful times less dirt staying atop of wellbeing... For Vegetables Outdoor Indoor up in projects to tiered planters or raised Bed patio boxes create a hanging planter planter... Easy-To-Follow routine that includes all the most important tasks to have a hard time flourishing a... Pandemic pets * Cordless Lithium-Ion 5-1/2 in I admire my planters and raised beds 14-3/4-inch piece! Easy project, and dozens of reader submitted photos and success stories carpenter 's square form! Up in projects to tiered planters or raised Bed patio boxes to make sure everything from your to...

Neo China Stock, Greek Restaurant Byron Bay, Yuvraj Singh Fastest 50, Ronaldo Brazil Pes 2021, Java Sprite Animation, Nandito Lang Ako Sa Gedli, Observium - Docker,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *