In September 2000, in an attempt to answer this question, HU Sverdrup II, an underwater research vessel operated by the Norwegian Defence Research Institute, sailed from Hammerfest in arctic Norway. Producer Norman Fenton's interest in locating the Scharnhorst resulted from his successful search in the Arctic for the wreck of the Hull trawler Gaul, during a television investigation into the use of trawlers to spy on the Soviet Union's Northern Fleet. Scharnhorst German Battle Cruiser of WW2. The underwater survey vessel Sverdrup II, operated by the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, was used to scan the sea floor. There was a problem. The battlecruiser was a symbol of Germany's global reach. In September 2000, a joint expedition to find the sunken battleship conducted by the BBC, NRK, and the Royal Norwegian Navy began. The wreck has recently been discovered on the sea bed, giving us new information about a gripping tale of war. A massive internal explosion - probably in an ammunition magazine below a forward gun turret, had blown off her bow. Scharnhorst radioed that she was 'surrounded by heavy units'. The British ships could only hope to shadow her at ever-increasing distances, rather than pursue her. Editor's Note: This article was updated to correct a statement that said Karlsruhe was was equipped with nine 15-inch guns. Jane's Fighting Ships 1940 lists both the Scharnhorst and Bismarck classes as "Battleships (Sch… In future, aircraft-carriers would dictate the outcome of major naval engagements. German battleship Scharnhorst. Nevertheless, the Scharnhorst could take a lot of damage and still come up victorious. Please refresh the page and try again. The Tirpitz was a wreck, only kept afloat by the constant attention of a salvage ship; the Gneisenau was … She signalled: 'To the Fuhrer. On Christmas Day, Doenitz signalled Scharnhorst: 'The enemy is attempting to aggravate the difficulties of our eastern land forces in their heroic struggle by sending an important convoy of provisions and arms to the Russians. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. According to the Reuters news agency, Norwegian broadcasters also reported that the underwater images taken by the ROV included a medallion on the warship decorated with a Nazi swastika symbol. The ROV, which was tethered to the offshore support ship Olympic Taurus, sent back detailed images that suggested the wreck was that of the German cruiser Karlsruhe. OSLO, Norway –– The wreck of the German battleship Scharnhorst has been found in arctic waters more than a half-century after it … 17 mysterious shipwrecks you can see on Google Earth, Porn is the top source of 'sex education' for young adults, Chinese researchers to send an 'uncrackable' quantum message to space, Apollo 15 landing site is strikingly clear in image captured from Earth, South African coronavirus variant: All your questions answered. (Image credit: U.S. Sending down her ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle), part of the mystery is immediately solved. The commander of Scharnhorst broadcast to his crew that 'I shake you all by the hand for the last time'. However, is it any more credible than the official position? In his official Dispatches, Admiral Fraser stated that 'no ship saw the enemy sink' but, regardless of this, he proceeded to record an official position for that sinking. Its auxiliary battery consisted of twelve 15 cm L/55 guns, sixteen 3.7 cm SK C/30 L/83, and fourteen 10.5 cm L/65. I shake you all by the hand for the last time. He had drilled his force in night tactics, and on the 24th even rehearsed an attack on Scharnhorst with Jamaica playing the role of the German warship. The wreck of the World War I German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was found beneath more than 5,000 feet of seawater near the Falkland Islands in the … The Battle of the North Cape was a Second World War naval battle which occurred on 26 December 1943, as part of the Arctic campaign.German battleship Scharnhorst, on an operation to attack Arctic Convoys of war materiel from the Western Allies to the Soviet Union, was brought to battle and sunk by the Royal Navy – the battleship HMS Duke of York with … Scharnhorst was now alone and blind, facing a total of 13 Allied warships... Scharnhorst made a second attempt to attack the convoy, and this time it was she who inflicted damage on HMS Norfolk. 'Lucky', that is, until she was sunk by HMS Duke of York. They look like 11in guns from The Scharnhorst. The headline was changed to avoid the technical term "battleship," which can refer to the very largest warships. Scientists and technologists used all of their expertise to plan building the battleship… It also had ten 2cm … The sinking of the Scharnhorst was an enormous psychological blow for the German nation, at the height of World War Two. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. By Norman Fenton Two days later, the German flotilla intercepted the British auxiliary cruiser … HMS Duke of York fired 80 broadsides; and the Allied ships fired a total of 2,195 shells during the engagement. For the radar-less Scharnhorst, a ten-gun broadside from the Duke of York announced the arrival of Force Two. © The wreck was positively identified b… The entire bow section remains together as a mass of wreckage and armour, but separated from the main wreck. It was 570 feet (174 meters) long and could reach a top speed of 32 knots (37 mph or 59 km/h) — quite fast for the time. Tom Metcalfe - Live Science Contributor In this wartime painting, flares illuminate the night sky on the day after Christmas 1943, as elements of the British Royal Navy led by the battleship Duke of York surround and overwhelm the German battlecruiser Scharnhorst, sending her to a watery grave in what came to be known as the Battle of the North Cape. "Lucky Scharnhorst", as she was known in Germany, was a focus for national pride. 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