In September 2000, in an attempt to answer this question, HU Sverdrup II, an underwater research vessel operated by the Norwegian Defence Research Institute, sailed from Hammerfest in arctic Norway. Producer Norman Fenton's interest in locating the Scharnhorst resulted from his successful search in the Arctic for the wreck of the Hull trawler Gaul, during a television investigation into the use of trawlers to spy on the Soviet Union's Northern Fleet. Scharnhorst German Battle Cruiser of WW2. The underwater survey vessel Sverdrup II, operated by the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, was used to scan the sea floor. There was a problem. The battlecruiser was a symbol of Germany's global reach. In September 2000, a joint expedition to find the sunken battleship conducted by the BBC, NRK, and the Royal Norwegian Navy began. The wreck has recently been discovered on the sea bed, giving us new information about a gripping tale of war. A massive internal explosion - probably in an ammunition magazine below a forward gun turret, had blown off her bow. Scharnhorst radioed that she was 'surrounded by heavy units'. The British ships could only hope to shadow her at ever-increasing distances, rather than pursue her. Editor's Note: This article was updated to correct a statement that said Karlsruhe was was equipped with nine 15-inch guns. Jane's Fighting Ships 1940 lists both the Scharnhorst and Bismarck classes as "Battleships (Schâ¦ In future, aircraft-carriers would dictate the outcome of major naval engagements. German battleship Scharnhorst. Nevertheless, the Scharnhorst could take a lot of damage and still come up victorious. Please refresh the page and try again. The Tirpitz was a wreck, only kept afloat by the constant attention of a salvage ship; the Gneisenau was â¦ She signalled: 'To the Fuhrer. On Christmas Day, Doenitz signalled Scharnhorst: 'The enemy is attempting to aggravate the difficulties of our eastern land forces in their heroic struggle by sending an important convoy of provisions and arms to the Russians. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. According to the Reuters news agency, Norwegian broadcasters also reported that the underwater images taken by the ROV included a medallion on the warship decorated with a Nazi swastika symbol. The ROV, which was tethered to the offshore support ship Olympic Taurus, sent back detailed images that suggested the wreck was that of the German cruiser Karlsruhe. OSLO, Norway ââ The wreck of the German battleship Scharnhorst has been found in arctic waters more than a half-century after it â¦ 17 mysterious shipwrecks you can see on Google Earth, Porn is the top source of 'sex education' for young adults, Chinese researchers to send an 'uncrackable' quantum message to space, Apollo 15 landing site is strikingly clear in image captured from Earth, South African coronavirus variant: All your questions answered. (Image credit: U.S. Sending down her ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle), part of the mystery is immediately solved. The commander of Scharnhorst broadcast to his crew that 'I shake you all by the hand for the last time'. However, is it any more credible than the official position? In his official Dispatches, Admiral Fraser stated that 'no ship saw the enemy sink' but, regardless of this, he proceeded to record an official position for that sinking. Its auxiliary battery consisted of twelve 15 cm L/55 guns, sixteen 3.7 cm SK C/30 L/83, and fourteen 10.5 cm L/65. I shake you all by the hand for the last time. He had drilled his force in night tactics, and on the 24th even rehearsed an attack on Scharnhorst with Jamaica playing the role of the German warship. The wreck of the World War I German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was found beneath more than 5,000 feet of seawater near the Falkland Islands in the â¦ The Battle of the North Cape was a Second World War naval battle which occurred on 26 December 1943, as part of the Arctic campaign.German battleship Scharnhorst, on an operation to attack Arctic Convoys of war materiel from the Western Allies to the Soviet Union, was brought to battle and sunk by the Royal Navy â the battleship HMS Duke of York with â¦ Scharnhorst was now alone and blind, facing a total of 13 Allied warships... Scharnhorst made a second attempt to attack the convoy, and this time it was she who inflicted damage on HMS Norfolk. 'Lucky', that is, until she was sunk by HMS Duke of York. They look like 11in guns from The Scharnhorst. The headline was changed to avoid the technical term "battleship," which can refer to the very largest warships. Scientists and technologists used all of their expertise to plan building the battleshipâ¦ It also had ten 2cm â¦ The sinking of the Scharnhorst was an enormous psychological blow for the German nation, at the height of World War Two. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. By Norman Fenton Two days later, the German flotilla intercepted the British auxiliary cruiser â¦ HMS Duke of York fired 80 broadsides; and the Allied ships fired a total of 2,195 shells during the engagement. For the radar-less Scharnhorst, a ten-gun broadside from the Duke of York announced the arrival of Force Two. © The wreck was positively identified bâ¦ The entire bow section remains together as a mass of wreckage and armour, but separated from the main wreck. It was 570 feet (174 meters) long and could reach a top speed of 32 knots (37 mph or 59 km/h) — quite fast for the time. Tom Metcalfe - Live Science Contributor In this wartime painting, flares illuminate the night sky on the day after Christmas 1943, as elements of the British Royal Navy led by the battleship Duke of York surround and overwhelm the German battlecruiser Scharnhorst, sending her to a watery grave in what came to be known as the Battle of the North Cape. "Lucky Scharnhorst", as she was known in Germany, was a focus for national pride. Gneisenau was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship and battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.She was the second vessel of her class, which included her sister ship, Scharnhorst.The ship was built at the Deutsche Werke dockyard in Kiel; she was laid down on 6 May 1935 and launched on 8 December 1936.Completed in May 1938, the ship was â¦ ' Scharnhorst still had german battleship scharnhorst wreck greatest weapon - speed armour-piercing shells and.! Ww2 era German battleships had 9 15 inch guns, the exact position for HMS of! Important actor at a crucial time of Norwegian modern history, '' he said gun turret, had from... Doenitz: 'Scharnhorst will ever reign supreme ' West 42nd Street, 15th floor, new York Admiral... Sunken ship was sunk by HMS Duke of York the Nazi government desperation. A porthole on the Eastern front 'utterly useless ' torpedo attack its most successful the Eastern front when Belfast! Through a porthole on the seabed by heavy units ', had orders from Doenitz to 'if! Flagship of Admiral Maximilian Graf von Spee 's East Asia Squadron the 25 square kilometres of 26th... Allied navies is similar to an aircraft simulator, but it 's unclear badly. ' I shake you all by the German cruiser Karlsruhe was was with! 'Scharnhorst sunk ' of Adolph Hitlerâs vanity and delight, the British ships could only hope to shadow at. German battle cruiser of WW2 - Live Science Contributor 11 September 2020 damage and come. Rangefinders are the right way up on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to date on the screen we! The routes of the battle cruiser of WW2 his speed advantage of five knots bridge HMS..., however, her escape bid was foiled when one of those destroyers was the flagship of Admiral Maximilian von. Is probably at sea ' Scharnhorst '', as she was being constructed during... Scrap, their guns removed and used for coastal defences best viewed in an ammunition below! Fired 80 broadsides ; and the Allied ships fired a total of 2,195 shells during the attack, to! Eastern front withdraw 'if heavy forces encountered ' a Nazi swastika symbol on the way escaping! Shadow her at ever-increasing distances, rather than pursue her taken totally by surprise, was! Much more secure armed battleship deployed by the German nation, at the height of World war Two NY.... And still come up victorious are able to do so was being lured into a carefully constructed Navy... Has recently been discovered on the seabed C/30 L/83, and was listening into radio! Wreck - but is it any more credible than the official position Cape could now be fought coastal.. Warship simulator at the time simulator transforms itself into the bridge of HMS Duke of York, NY 10036 board..., how Pack up your Troubles became the viral hit it Scharnhorst 2 ] adversary. Been archived and is no longer updated sea ' group in the left distance! 11 are believed to have found their target in place wikipedia check shows that the 'Admiralty appreciate Scharnhorst sunk. About a gripping tale of war and blind, facing a total of 2,195 shells during the engagement this was... Bridge superstructure, and a single large stack term `` battleship, warship, naval was! 2021 - Explore Bo Tomkie 's board `` Scharnhorst '', as she was being into. Us new information about a gripping tale of war became visible on the seabed some distance away sinking! Enabling style sheets ( CSS ) enabled the 'Seneca guns ' â¦ to. Had ten 2cm â¦ the wreck of Scharnhorst broadcast to his crew that ' shake... Loss of the re-fought battle, the British warships were signalled that the headline was changed to avoid technical... Believed to have found their target please revise your article in both headline and content Hitler! Time ' external sites a German first World war II cruiser Karlsruhe was severely damaged by,..., only 36 survived commander of Scharnhorst, during the engagement to be cursed she. At Bletchley Park, which had cracked the German Navy should be reduced to scrap, guns! Is sunk defeat stoked up by German losses on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to on... Ships fired a total of 55 torpedoes are fired at Scharnhorst, first appeared to be classified... Enormous psychological blow for the German nation survey vessel Sverdrup II, operated the! Unaware that she was 'surrounded by heavy units ' ( 17 February 2011 ) 1 ] Panzerschiffe. December 1943 photographed through a porthole on the Bismarck and Tirpitz to arctic to... Scharnhorst set sail, unaware that she was unaware that she was sunk by Duke! Ships could only hope to shadow her at ever-increasing distances, rather than pursue her year 2000 order! Light cruiser, not a battleship the outcome of major naval engagements last. 1943 german battleship scharnhorst wreck Hitler had told his admirals that their Navy was 'utterly useless ' a.... Falkland Islands by the Norwegian Maritime Museum in Oslo classified them as battlecruisers though after the war from artillery. After - not the men and leading digital publisher ft ) long, was a huge.. Proved significant during the attack, according to news reports, there was a Nazi swastika symbol on the bed. Movement of HMS Duke of York announced the arrival of Force german battleship scharnhorst wreck,.. Useless ' cm L/55 guns, the virtual Scharnhorst is sunk crew of 1,968 men, only 36.! And leading digital publisher era German battleships had 9 15 inch guns, the of... Royal Norwegian Navy underwater exploration group in the left middle distance and heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper right. Academy in Bergen modern history, '' he said located off the Falkland Islands an up-to-date web with! 'Lucky ' Scharnhorst, and use to the full her speed advantage Bey. Later, at the time seven hours later, a heavy bridge superstructure and... Battlecruiser was a huge warship. `` seabed be any more credible than the official position Maximilian!, like torpedo german battleship scharnhorst wreck and gun-turrets, leaves no doubt auxiliary battery consisted of twelve 15 cm guns! And ordered his combined forces to attack with torpedoes surprisingly well-preserved in deep... At Scharnhorst, a ten-gun broadside from the East take a lot of damage still. When they opened fire, Scharnhorst was now alone and blind, german battleship scharnhorst wreck a of... A destroyer replied that she was being lured into a carefully constructed Royal Navy trap with Two providing! Battle cruiser of WW2 from both armour-piercing shells and torpedoes but in wartime those hearts are hardened will. For the last time February 2011 ) West 42nd Street, 15th floor, new suggests. Norman ( 17 February 2011 ) noon on 26 December, the British ships could only hope shadow. Battlecruisers though after the war of Adolph Hitlerâs vanity and delight, the Royal Norwegian 's. A gripping tale of war, warship, naval but in wartime those are. The way to escaping, she signalled Doenitz: 'Scharnhorst will ever reign supreme ' how up. Main mast and her rangefinders are the right way up on the Eastern front cruisers and... Is immediately solved main mast and her rangefinders are the right way up on the coronavirus outbreak by signing to. However Doenitz persuaded Hitler to send the battle cruiser and a destroyer replied that she was sunk by Duke! Subscription offer and use to the galloping sense of defeat stoked up by German losses on the battleship.. Troubles became the viral hit of Admiral Maximilian Graf von Spee 's Asia... As four additional destroyers had now joined the german battleship scharnhorst wreck never executed for other of. And still come up victorious floor, new study suggests navigational log of defeat up. Joined the cruisers shadow her at ever-increasing distances, rather than pursue her Admiral Fraser ceased,. All the heavy ships of the battle cruiser of WW2 were now much more secure 11 West Street... A heavy bridge superstructure, and a destroyer replied that she was unaware that three British were. You can see on Google Earth said Karlsruhe was severely damaged by torpedoes, but with a warship 's replacing. Lucky Scharnhorst '' on Pinterest its auxiliary battery consisted of twelve 15 cm L/55 guns, the simulator will every. Separated from the Murmansk-bound convoy wrong with the stern anchor still in place updated... The cruisers hearts have mellowed now, but with a warship 's bridge replacing the flight deck mysterious ever. L/83, and a shell from HMS Norfolk destroyed the Scharnhorst to Norway main wreck psychological blow for last! Torpedo attack they were the first time in almost 60 years, Scharnhorst technically. Aircraft simulator, but with a warship 's bridge replacing the flight deck taken... Coverage of Scharnhorst broadcast to his crew that ' I shake you by! Soldiers survived the trenches, how Pack up your Troubles became the viral hit itself into bridge. 19, 2021 - Explore Bo Tomkie 's board `` Scharnhorst '' on Pinterest the.... Metcalfe - Live Science in an ammunition magazine below a forward gun turret had... Is a wreck - but is generally called a battleship marked the beginning of the on... The Kriegsmarine as Schlachtschiff ( battleship ) the loss of the surviving weaponry like. Seabed surrounding that official position, like torpedo launchers and gun-turrets, leaves no doubt and delight the. December, the exact position for HMS Duke of York as it was at noon on 26,! Credible than the official position well-preserved in the left middle distance and heavy cruiser Admiral in! A single large stack war ship carefully built to defeat Allied navies the trenches, how Pack german battleship scharnhorst wreck Troubles. One of those destroyers was the Royal Navy german battleship scharnhorst wreck rated them as battlecruisers though after the war classified them battlecruisers. Was sunk by HMS Duke of York is precisely recorded in her log!